About nonobstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopat...
What are the symptoms for nonobstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopat...?
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a disease that causes the heart to grow abnormally large, which can lead to trouble pumping blood throughout the body. It's also known as an abnormal thickening of the heart muscle. The symptoms of nonobstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) are not always easy to spot, but there are some common signs to look for. If you're concerned about your heart health, here's what you need to know. he most common symptom is Shortness of breath, but this may not be associated with any Chest pain or discomfort. Other symptoms include Dizziness, Fainting, and Fatigue. If you have these symptoms, it's important to talk to your doctor right away. Your doctor will perform a physical exam and may order an electrocardiogram (EKG), an echocardiogram (ultrasound), or an exercise stress test to check for signs of HCM. The most common symptom of HCM is Shortness of breath, especially when you're active or when you have a heavy meal. Other indications that could indicate HCM include: A person with HCM may experience a variety of symptoms, including: Shortness of breath or Difficulty breathing Fatigue Dizziness Lightheadedness or Fainting spells Chest pain (may include arm pain) Abnormal heartbeat (Palpitations)
What are the causes for nonobstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopat...?
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a genetic disorder that affects the heart muscle. It can be caused by a mutation in one or more of several genes, including MYBPC3, TNNT2, and TNNI3. The mutation can cause the heart to grow abnormally large and make it harder for it to pump blood throughout your body. This condition is often referred to as HCM, but it's important to understand that there are different types of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Nonobstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a type of HCM in which there is no obstruction of blood flow through either one of the heart's main arteries (the left main coronary artery). In obstructive HCM, there is an obstruction in one of these arteries that must be surgically treated before symptoms develop. There are a number of causes for nonobstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. The most common cause is idiopathic, meaning that the cause is unknown. Other possible causes include: * Anabolic steroid use * Alcohol abuse * Cocaine abuse * Coronary artery disease (CAD) * Large left atrium (LA) or ventricle (LV) with normal coronary arteries and no valvular abnormalities There are several possible causes for nonobstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, including genetics and environmental factors. Genetics: The cause of HCM is not known, but researchers have found that it tends to run in families. Most people who have this condition inherited it from their parents, who may have passed along a genetic mutation causing the disease. These mutations can be passed from parent to child through generations. Environmental factors: Nonobstructive HCM can also be triggered by environmental factors such as smoking and high blood pressure. In some cases, it's known that these environmental factors caused the disease in an individual, but researchers don't know how often this happens or what exactly causes it.
What are the treatments for nonobstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopat...?
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, or HCM, is a condition that causes the heart muscle to grow abnormally thick. It's usually caused by an inherited genetic mutation and can lead to a variety of symptoms. If you're experiencing any of the following symptoms, please see a doctor right away: -Shortness of breath -Pain in your chest or shoulder -Unexplained fainting spells -Feeling dizzy or lightheaded The good news is that most people with HCM will never experience any symptoms of the disease. But for those who do develop symptoms, there are three main treatment options: - Medications for HCM include beta blockers (which reduce heart rate and blood pressure), calcium channel blockers (which relax the heart muscle), digoxin (which strengthens heart contractions), and amiodarone (a medication that helps treat irregular heart rhythms). - Surgery is another option for treating hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Patients with severe disease may need surgery to repair or replace their hearts if other treatments don't work. The first line of treatment for nonobstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is lifestyle changes. These include: -Losing weight if you're overweight or obese -Eating a healthy diet low in sodium and rich in vegetables, fruits, and whole grains -Exercising regularly -Reducing stress levels through meditation or other stress-reduction techniques -Avoiding tobacco products and alcohol and drugs (such as cocaine).
What are the risk factors for nonobstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopat...?
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a genetic condition that affects the heart muscle. In HCM, the heart muscle becomes abnormally thick, which can make it difficult for blood to pass through the heart and get to where it needs to go. There are two types of HCM: obstructive and nonobstructive. The difference between these two types is based on whether or not there are any blockages in the blood vessels leading from your heart. If you have obstructive HCM, there's usually a blockage in one of those blood vessels—and that can cause symptoms like chest pain or shortness of breath. If you have nonobstructive HCM, there aren't any blockages; instead, your doctor may suspect that you have this type if there's no family history of cardiomyopathy or other risk factors like high blood pressure or diabetes (which is also known as type 2 diabetes). The risk factors for nonobstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy include: -Family history of the condition -Alcohol abuse -Cardiovascular disease, such as coronary artery disease or peripheral vascular disease -Diabetes mellitus type 2
Is there a cure/medications for nonobstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopat...?
There is no cure for nonobstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. However, there are several medications that can be used to manage symptoms and reduce the risk of complications. There are a number of medications that can be prescribed for nonobstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. The goal of these medicines is to reduce the amount of blood that your heart pumps with each beat, which will reduce the strain on your heart muscle. These medications include: Beta blockers: These drugs work by blocking the action of adrenaline (epinephrine) and other hormones in your body that can make your heart beat faster and harder. They are often used as a first-line treatment because they do not have many side effects, but they may cause dizziness and fatigue in some people. Calcium channel blockers: These drugs help relax the blood vessels in your heart by slowing down how fast calcium moves into them when they are relaxed. Calcium channel blockers can be taken on their own or in combination with beta blockers or ACE inhibitors (below). They may cause dizziness, ringing in your ears and headache as side effects. Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE inhibitors): These drugs prevent an important protein from forming angiotensin II, which makes your blood vessels constrict and causes high blood pressure. They can also help lower cholesterol levels and reduce symptoms